|Authors:||Radka Čopková • Bibiána Kováčová Holevová|
|Year of publication:||2021|
|Number of pages:||116|
|Faculty:||Faculty of Arts|
|Department:||Department of Psychology|
|Note:||Publikácia je súčasťou riešenia projektu VEGA MŠ SR 1/0748/19 „Charakteristiky rozhodovania a kríza v procese dosahovania cieľov“|
|Licencia:||Creative Commons BY NC ND (Uveďte autora - Nepoužívajte komerčne - Nespracovávajte)|
The motivation for the creation of the book was the effort to clarify the context of the crisis in achieving the goal in terms of its determinants and procedural context with regard to the specifics of both the goal itself and the individuality of the individual striving to achieve this goal to the academic and lay public.
In the present text, the reader has the opportunity to become acquainted with the essential processes that underlie the goal-oriented behavior. The goals themselves are also defined on the spectrum from the basic characteristics to the developed issues and obstacles, respectively. crisis in achieving the goal. Given that the crisis raises the question of what will happen next in the process of achieving the goal, the input of decision-making processes cannot be neglected. In this context, not only decision-making styles are discussed as relatively stable characteristics of the individual, but also the effect of self-licensing as a result of trying to maintain a positive self-image in a situation that does not correspond to the expected behavior. Following the result of the decision, an adaptive goal adjustment is also developed in terms of the exchange of the goal or a complete reduction of the effort to achieve the goal. Four empirical studies are presented.
The aim of the first study was to examine the relationship between self-licensing and the characteristics of the goal, with an emphasis on the action crisis. The second study aimed to examine the extent of the action crisis experienced in achieving the goal, given the nature of the obstacle. The third study looked at the experimental examination of the relationships between self-regulatory compensation mechanisms in the form of self-licensing and self-cleansing, action crisis and processes of goal disengagement and goal reengagement as two possible strategies for advancing the goal achievement process. The fourth study examined whether and which determinants concerning the perception of obstacles and goal characteristics as well as individual / personality tendencies predict (are related to) the action crisis experiencing in achieving the problematic goal.